• 太平通宝

  • 中国新热点 http://www.ccxun.com 2020-05-21 11:43 来源:中国新热点
  • 太平通宝

    太平通宝方孔钱币,中国历代王朝多有铸造。以其用途,可以分为行用钱和厌胜钱(俗称花钱)两类。北宋太宗太平兴国年间,南宋高宗朝前后,南宋高宗建炎年间李婆备起义军,辽圣宗太平年间,明孝宗弘治年间大理国,清代天地会和小刀会起义军,等,均铸有太平通宝。安南(今越南)、日本等国,历史上也铸有太平通宝。安南顺化太祖阮璜,公元1627年铸太平通宝;日本镰仓时代(1192-1338年),民间亦私铸有太平通宝。北宋太宗赵光义,太平兴国年间(公元976~公元984)铸,为宋代第一种年号钱。太平兴国(976年十二月—984年十一月)是北宋君主宋太宗赵匡义的一个年号,共计近8年。吴越忠懿王钱俶亦用该年号纪年(976年十二月-978年五月)                                                                    The coins of Taiping Tongbao square hole have been minted in many dynasties in China. With its use, it can be divided into two categories: business money and weariness money (commonly known as money). During the reign of Emperor Taizong in the Northern Song Dynasty, before and after the reign of Emperor Gaozong in the Southern Song Dynasty, during the reign of Emperor Gaozong in the Southern Song Dynasty, during the reign of emperor Jianyan in the Southern Song Dynasty, Li Po prepared a rebel army, during the reign of emperor Shengzong in the Liao Dynasty, during the reign of emperor Xiaoxiao in the Ming Dynasty, during the reign of emperor Hongzhi in the Ming Dynasty, and during the reign of emperor Tiandi Hui and Xiaodao Hui in the Qing Dynasty. Annam (today's Vietnam), Japan and other countries have also forged Taiping Tongbao in history. In 1627, Ruan Huang, the great ancestor of Shunhua, made the Taiping Tongbao. In the Kamakura era of Japan (1192-1338), the Taiping Tongbao was also privately made. Zhao Guangyi, Emperor Taizong of the Northern Song Dynasty, was cast in the reign of Taiping Xingguo (976-984 A.D.), which was the first money of the Song Dynasty. Taiping Xingguo (December 976 November 984) is a year number of Zhao Kuangyi, Emperor Taizong of the Northern Song Dynasty, for nearly 8 years. Qian Chu, King Yiwang of Wuyue, also recorded the year with this number (December 976 may 978)

       

    宋太宗篆、隶书太平通宝,在中国货币史上的地位无可替代,它们的铸行和存在,开创了一个崭新的钱币发展时代,而且对后世钱币的铸行,影响深远。没有太平兴国年间的太平通宝篆、隶书对钱、年号钱的形制和事实,就没有太宗后来的淳化、至道年间的楷、行、草三体御书钱币,也就没有真宗、仁宗朝的祥符元、通宝、天禧通宝和天圣元宝等钱币形制。因为太平通宝篆、隶书钱币形制的发端,也因此才有了我们现在知道的整个宋代、乃至后来朝代铸行钱币的华美瑰丽的篇章。

    The seal script and official script of Taiping Tongbao of Emperor Taizong of Song Dynasty are irreplaceable in the history of Chinese currency. Their casting and existence ushered in a new era of coin development, which has far-reaching influence on the later coin casting. Without the shape and fact of Taiping Tongbao Zhuan and official script to money and year number money in the reign of Taiping Xingguo, there would be no coins in the imperial script of Kaishi, Xingxing and CaoShi in the later Chunhua and Zhidao years of Taizong, and there would be no such coins as xiangfuyuan, Tongbao, Tianxi Tongbao and Tiansheng Yuanbao of Zhenzong and Renzong. Because of the origin of Taiping Tongbao Zhuan and Lishu coins, there is a magnificent chapter of the whole Song Dynasty and even the later dynasties that we now know.

    宋代的货币经济发展全面,开创了以铜钱为主和铜、银、钞并行的历史新时期。宋代钱币极具特色,可为承前启后,在中国钱币史上具有重要地位。而对钱、御书钱和年号钱的开启、发展和形成制度,有继往开来的功绩,为之后历代王朝的钱币铸行起到了引领和示范作用。宋代钱币铸行特点明显,通行铸造御书钱,时兴铸造对钱与三体钱,盛行铸造国号钱与年号钱,还出现了由当朝皇帝和文学巨匠亲自书写年号钱文的文化盛事。

    The development of monetary economy in Song Dynasty was all-round, which created a new historical period in which copper, silver and banknotes were parallel to copper. The coins of Song Dynasty have their own characteristics, which can serve as a link between the past and the future, and play an important role in the history of Chinese coins. And the opening, development and formation system of the money, the Royal book money and the year number money has the merit of inheriting the past and opening up the future, which has played a leading and exemplary role in the later dynasties' coin casting.In the Song Dynasty, the coin casting line had obvious characteristics. It was popular to cast imperial book money, popular to cast right money and three kinds of money, popular to cast country name money and year number money. There was also a cultural event in which the emperor and the literary giant wrote the year name money in person.

    从钱币形制、钱文风格、铸钱工艺以及钱币的共通时代气息判断,篆书太平通宝,可以断定是宋太宗太平兴国年间铸行。与太平通宝隶书钱币,形成宋代的种对钱。只是因为太平兴国时期,为太宗的个年号,时间不足八年,其时太宗刚刚登基,政、战事忙乱,内稳帝位,安抚人心,外迫古玩纳土,平北汉、征辽国,试图统一交趾(今越南),执行守内虚外的政策。因此,铸行的太平通宝钱币,隶书钱币推行开来,得以流通全国;篆书钱币试铸后,因为时机不成熟或某种意外变故,却未能铸行天下。

    Judging from the shape of coins, the style of money writing, the technique of making money and the common flavor of the times, it can be concluded that the seal script Taiping Tongbao was made in the reign of Taiping Xingguo of Emperor Taizong of Song Dynasty. And Taiping Tongbao Lishu coins, forming the Song Dynasty's kind of money. It was only because during the period of Taiping's rejuvenation, it was the title of Taizong, which

    lasted less than eight years. At that time, Taizong had just ascended the throne, and was in a state of chaos in politics and war. He stabilized the throne internally, pacified the people, forced curios to accept the land externally, pacified the northern Han Dynasty and conquered the Liao state, and tried to unify Jiaozhi (today's Vietnam), and carried out the policy of guarding the interior and the exterior. Therefore, the coins of Taiping Tongbao and Lishu coins can be circulated all over the country when they are put into practice. After the trial casting of seal script coins, they failed to be cast in the world because of the immature time or some unexpected changes.

    此枚太平通宝是徐先生家传的珍品,该枚钱币材质为黄铜,正面圆形方孔的铜币,其形状外发天,内地法,取义精宏。观其图,造型圆润端庄,字迹清晰深俊,隶书太平通宝,钱文大气磅礴,古拙雄强,雄浑而飘逸,传为太宗御书包浆浑厚温润,整体字迹规范,细腻,有极高的艺术欣赏价值和意义,

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